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Child work, child labour, child slavery?

article (Pinky)
Child work, child labour, child slavery?
Published on August 6, 2019, 5:29 am

Child slavery includes:- Children used by others for profit, often through violence, abuse and threats, in prostitution or pornography, forced begging, petty crime Forced child labour, for example in agriculture, factories, construction, brick kilns, mines, bars, the tourist industry or domestic work Children forced to take part in armed conflicts Children forced to marry Why do children work? Most children work because their families are poor and their labour is necessary for their survival. Children are often employed because, compared to adults, they are more easily controlled and are unlikely to demand higher wages or better working conditions. For poorer children from rural areas, school is not an option. Education can be expensive or schools are too far away. As well as being a result of poverty, child labour also perpetuates poverty. Many working children do not have the opportunity to go to school and often grow up to be unskilled adults trapped in poorly paid jobs. Child work, child labour, child slavery? The terms around exploitation of children can be quite confusing so here is a short guide. Child work. Some types of work make useful, positive contributions to a child’s development, helping them learn useful skills. Often, work is a vital source of income for their families. Child labour. Child labour is not slavery, but nevertheless hinders children’s education and development. Child labour tends to be undertaken when the child is in the care of their parents. Worst form of child labour. “Hazardous work” is the worst form of child labour. It irreversibly damages children’s health and development through, for example, exposure to dangerous machinery or toxic substances, and may even endanger their lives. Child slavery. Child slavery is the enforced exploitation of a child for their labour for someone else’s gain. Child trafficking. Trafficking involves transporting, recruiting or harbouring people for the purpose of exploitation, using violence, threats or coercion. When children are trafficked, no violence, deception or coercion needs to be involved, trafficking is merely the act of transporting or harbouring them for exploitative work. When away from their families, they are at the mercy of their employers. Child marriage. Many marriages involving children will not amount to slavery, particularly between couples aged 16 to 18 years. But when a child didn’t give their consent to a marriage, is exploited within it or is not able to leave, that child is in slavery. Children in armed conflicts. Children forced to take part in armed conflicts don’t only include child soldiers but also porters or girls taken as “wives” for soldiers and militia members. Children involved in conflict are severely affected by their experiences and can suffer from long-term trauma. Facts about child slavery Worldwide 10 million children are in slavery, trafficking, debt bondage and other forms of forced labour, forced recruitment for armed conflict, prostitution, pornography and other illicit activities (ILO) 151.6 million are estimated to be in child labour (ILO) 114 million child labourers are below the age of 14 (ILO) 72 million children are in hazardous work that directly endangers their health, safety and moral development (ILO) more than 700 million women alive today were married before their 18th birthday. More than one in three (about 250 million) entered into union before age 15 (UNICEF) 300,000 children are estimated to serve as child soldiers, some even younger than 10 years old (UNICEF) 15.5 million children are in domestic work worldwide – the overwhelming majority of them are girls (ILO) In the UK, 981 children were referred to authorities as potential victims of trafficking in 2015 (National Crime Agency)

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Child slavery

article (Pinky)
Child slavery
Published on July 20, 2019, 12:55 pm

Despite the fact that many people believe that slavery no longer exists, an estimated five million children are in slavery worldwide, including in the UK. Child slavery is often confused with child labour, but is much worse. Whilst child labour is harmful for children and hinders their education and development, child slavery occurs when a child’s labour is exploited for someone else’s gain.

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Php Projects Topics & Ideas

article (pinkysahu4242@gmail.com)
subtitle
Published on July 25, 2019, 11:44 am

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Revitalizing Rural Economy – with a focus on employment creation in rural areas

article (Mamatha Makkala Mandira.)
Revitalizing Rural Economy
Published on February 2, 2018, 5:52 am

This note has been prepared based on our extensive field work done over a period of time in rural areas, particularly in Karnataka. We have also referred and reviewed other reports and empirical studies related to the subject. At the outset, our understanding is that we have to look into the issues and problems of present day rural areas with a new vision and mission keeping in perspective the historical and traditional understanding of the rural areas. In other words, it may not be possible now to continue, adopt or replicate the old rural development models due to tremendous changes taking place in social, economic, political, ecological, governance and institutional aspects of the rural society and economy. We have to develop a workable and sustainable rural development model by adapting the available technology. A Holistic Approach is required where we have to address the issues or problems related to each system of the rural areas. Thus, Total Ecosystem Approach is required, In this we have to look into the following: 1. Natural Resources Mapping 2. Specifically Mapping Water Bodies 3. Mapping of village forests and grazing lands 4. Barren and uncultivated lands, and 5. Cultivated Lands Then map the Livelihood Systems: 1. Crop Cultivation 2. Animal Husbandry 3. Local Artisanship 4. Cottage Industries Then we have to relate the above larger systems (ecosystems and livelihood systems) to each other before finalizing the rural development model. For this to achieve, the Approach could be: 1. Bringing more capital investments into rural areas 2. Awareness Creation (ICT) and counseling (particularly to the youths) 3. Creating sufficient and sustainable infrastructure (roads, potable drinking water, assured electricity, schools, hospitals, recreation facilities, sports etc). 4. Usage of new and appropriate technology 5. Skill development and up-gradation 6. Livelihood security Employment Creation in Rural Areas If the above model is used, a large number of employment opportunities can be created in rural areas. More specifically, the focus on employment creation could be on: 1. Livelihood Security Crop Cultivation: Though we have to use the available and modern technology, labour intensive and environment friendly crop cultivation has to be encouraged. Importance can be given to horticulture, floriculture, sericulture etc which creates employment. Livestock Keeping: Village forests and grazing lands have to be restored with productivity for sustainable livestock keeping. Stall Feeding of Cows and Goats to be encouraged and supported Poultry Farming: Goats, Sheep and Piggery: Local Artisans to be supported: Cottage Industries to be supported and encouraged 2. Labour Market Though all the labour force of rural areas may not be possible to absorb in the rural economies, efforts should be made to retain the required labour force for the sustainability of rural economies. Wage rates have to be maintained across rural and semi urban areas. Skill Development and Up-gradation of youth: Appropriate skills related to different cadres and sectors have to be given so that the youth can get employment in rural areas. Youth should be involved fully in the developmental activities 3. Social Business Development projects and activities of both the public and private sectors should focus on social benefits of their projects and activities. The above outline framework can be developed with details for the rural development model to be implemented. It can be developed and implemented as a pilot project before finalizing a comprehensive workable rural development model. Please share your valuable feedback on the same. Thanking You B.M.Doddaiah Secretary Mamatha Makkala Mandira Bangalore - 560072

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shOObh Photography Contest-2017, Theme-स्त्री | Women

article (shOObh Group Welfare Society)
do you have a camera…do you have a photographic memory that was never developed….a scene…you feel is profound, beautiful or simply comical.. JUST CLICK & submit it to us…..The rest, as they say, will go down in history….So, if you think you are good at photography & want to prove it, just come to this event.
Published on September 12, 2017, 7:25 am

shOObh Photography Contest-2017, Theme-स्त्री | Women NO PARTICIPATION FEE Contest period: The Contest begins on 15, August, 2017 & ends on November 14, 2017 (the "Contest Period"). Eligibility Criteria: (a) Participants must be bona fide students of the school / Open School/ Special School they participate through. {Category: A-D} (b) Participant could also be a foreign national. Guidelines for Entries: 1. A maximum of 2 ENTRIES PER CATEGORY PER PARTICIPANT shall be entertained. Any entries beyond the specified limit shall be disqualified. 2. Participant can submit the best Photograph in categories mentioned below: GROUP CLASSIFICATION A Standard 3rd – 5th B Standard 6th – 8th C Standard 9th – 10th D Standard 11th – 12th E OPEN Over 21 years (School/ College teachers, Corporate etc.) 3. Photograph Requirements: (a) Must adhere to all listed Technical Specifications set forth below. (b) Must be the participant's original photograph. (c) Must not infringe on any other person's or entity's rights. (d) Must comply with the Terms & Conditions. 4. Technical Specifications: (a) File size upto 4 MB (b) Format: JPG (c) All images must be available at 300dpi, even if the image is at a lower dpi. (d) Entries can only be sent in Email shoobh2017@gmail.com OR CD/ Pen drive/ Print through post at shOObh Group Welfare Society, 10, CSC, Pocket-E, Mayur Vihar-2, Delhi-110091, India. 5. Failure of any photograph to comply with the guidelines shall result in disqualification. Any submission that includes content that is deemed inappropriate, indecent, & obscene or otherwise does not comply with the rule & regulation of the competition will be disqualified. 6. Each entry should be original, entirely done individually & should not have been previously submitted to any other competition or exhibited in any other forum. 7. Photograph may have a story, but should the story not exceed 250 words & must be written in English/ Hindi. 8. The entry form should be filled up & completed in Hindi/English, or be accompanied by a translation in Hindi/English. 9. Attach a copy of the form with the photograph, complete the form in your own hand writing along with signature of the Principal/ authorized signatory of the with stamp when submitting the photograph. 10. Liability: All prints are submitted at the participant’s own risk. The organizers cannot accept liability for any loss of or damage occurring to any entries, whether this occurs in transit or while in the keeping, although every care will be taken. 11. Limit one prize per participant. 12. All entrants not complying with the rules will be disqualified. The organizer’s decision shall be final & binding. Adjudication: The submissions will be judged on the basis of: (a) Originality & creativity. (b) Relevance to the contest theme. (c) Added value brought to the theme. IMP: By entering this competition entrants will be deemed to have read these rules & agree to be bound by them. Organizer reserves the right to vary, cancel or modify the competition or its terms & conditions in whole or part at any time. Selection processes: A Panel of judges shall select the 3 (THREE) most outstanding Photographs. Prize & Certificate of Merit: Three selected finalists in each category will receive a Medal & Certificate of Merit. Handling of the Entries & Intellectual Property: Participant retains ownership of the copyright in any submitted photographs. However, by entering photograph(s) in this Contest, participant grants organizer the irrevocable, perpetual right to edit, adapt, use & publish in any media now known or hereafter discovered any or all of the photographs without compensation to the participant, his or her successors or assigns, or any other entity. ENTERING A SUBMISSION IN THIS CONTEST CONSTITUTES PARTICIPANT'S IRREVOCABLE ASSIGNMENT, CONVEYANCE, & TRANSFERENCE TO SPONSOR OF THE FOREGOING RIGHTS. The winner shall work with Sponsor to change the file in any way deemed necessary for publication of the photograph. The participants shall supply, upon request, original, unmodified digital files. Organized by: shOObh Group Welfare Society 10, CSC, Pocket-E, Mayur Vihar-II, Delhi-110091, India P: 22777580 F: +91-11-22788184 M: 9873322822 EM: shoobh.group@gmail.com W: www.shoobharts.com

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shOObh Arts Competition-2017, Theme - स्त्री | Women

article (shOObh Group Welfare Society)
shOObh Arts, Head of Jury is Padmashree, Anjolie Ela Menon
Published on September 12, 2017, 7:23 am

shOObh Arts Competition-2017, Theme - स्त्री | Women NO PARTICIPATION FEE Eligibility Criteria: (i) Participants must be between 5 – 17 years of age. (ii) Participants must be bona fide students of the school they participate through. (ii) The competition is open to all school children. (iii) Participant could also be a foreign national. Guidelines for Entries: (i) School can submit the best drawing/painting in categories mentioned below: Group Classification A Nursery - Upper KG B Standard 1st – 3rd C Standard 4th – 7th D Standard 8th – 10th E Standard 11th – 12th F OPEN - Over 18 years (ii) Format of the entry: Paper or Canvas (Any size) (iii) Participants are free to use a drawing medium of their choice (pencil, colors, pastels, crayons, ink, etc.). (iv) Each entry should be original, entirely done individually & should not have been previously submitted to any other competition or exhibited in any other forum. (v) This is NOT a Poster making Contest. DONOT write Slogans on Painting. Entry form has space for caption/story, but should the caption not exceed 2 lines & must be written in English/ Hindi. (vi) The entries should not be mounted or framed. (vii) The entry form (attached) should be filled up & completed in Hindi/English, or be accompanied by a translation in Hindi/English. (viii) A maximum of two entries per category per school shall be entertained. Any entries beyond the specified limit shall be disqualified. (ix) PASTE THE FORM at the back of the painting, complete the form in your own hand writing along with signature of the Principal/ authorized signatory of the school with school stamp when submitting the painting. (x) All entrants not complying with the rules will be disqualified. The organizer’s decision shall be final & binding. (xi) The organizers shall not be responsible for any loss/damage of an entry during transit. Adjudication: The submissions will be judged on the basis of 1. Originality & creativity. 2. Relevance to the competition theme. 3. Added value brought to the current thinking on the theme. IMP: By entering this competition entrants will be deemed to have read these rules & agree to be bound by them. Organizer reserves the right to vary, cancel or modify the competition or it’s T & C in whole or part at any time. Selection processes: The Jury shall select the Three most outstanding drawings/paintings submitted for each above mentioned group. Closing Date: Entry should be sent through post by 14, November, 2017 to: shOObh Arts Competition-2017 shOObh Group Welfare Society 10, CSC, Pocket-E, Mayur Vihar-2, Delhi-110091, India Mobile: +91-9873322822 Prize & Certificate of Merit: Three selected finalists in each category will receive a Medal & Certificate of Merit. Result: Winners shall be declared by shOObh Board. Exhibition of Winning Entries: Winning entries shall be displayed at exhibition(s) across India. Handling of the Entries & Intellectual Property: Entries will not be returned. All entries shall remain the property & copyright of shOObh Group & could be used or reproduced by the shOObh Group for public education & awareness activities & any other purpose as deemed appropriate by the board. Organized by: shOObh Group Welfare Society 10, CSC, Pocket-E, Mayur Vihar-II, Delhi-110091, India P: +91-11-22788184 F: 22777580 M: 9873322822 EM: shoobh.group@gmail.com W: www.shoobharts.com

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